SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE KNOWLEDGE BASE II


APPENDIX A: POLITICS AND POLITICAL BEHAVIOR

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Erickson, R.S. and Luttbeg, N.R. (1973). American Public Opinion: Its Origins, Content and Impact. New York:
John Wiley and Sons.

Etzioni, A. (1993). The Spirit of Community: Rights Responsibilities, and the Communitarian Agenda. New
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Feld, S. L., & Grofman, B. (1988). Ideological Consistency as a Collective Phenomenon. American Political Science Review 82:773-88.

Feldman, S. (1988). Structure and Consistency in Public Opinion: The Role of Core Beliefs and Values. American Journal of Political Science. 32:416-440.

Feldman, S. (1989). "Measuring issue preferences: The problem of response instability." In J.A. Stimson (Ed.)
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Fenno, R.F. (1978). Homestyle: House Members in Their Districts. Boston: Little, Brown.

Ferejohn, J.A.& Kuklinski, J.H., Eds. (1990). Information and Democratic Processes. Urbana: U. of Ill Press.

Field, J. O. & Anderson, R. (1969). Ideology in the Public's Conceptualization of the 1964 Election. Public
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Fiorina, M.P. (1981). Retrospective voting in American national elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University
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Fiorina, M.P. (1989). Congress: Keystone of the Washington Establishment. New Haven: Yale U. Press.

Fiorina, M.P. (1990). "Information and Rationality in Elections" In John Ferejohn and James Kuklinski, (Eds) Information and Democratic Processes. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Fiorina, M. (1990) The Decline of Collective Responsibility in American Politics. in P.S. Nivola & D.H. Rosenbloom (eds.) Classic Readings in American Politics

Fiorina, M.P. (1996).  Divided Government. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

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Fleishman, J.A. (1986). Trends in self-identified ideology from 1972 to 1982: No support for the salience
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Fleishman, J.A. (1986). Types of Political Attitude Structure: Results of a Cluster Analysis.  Public Opinion Quarterly, 50:371-386.

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Gillespie, J.D. (1993). Politics at the Periphery: Third Parties in a Two-Party System. Columbia, SC: U. of South Carolina.

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Sullivan, J.L., Piereson, J., & Marcus, G.E. (1978). Ideological Constraint in the Mass Public: A Methodological Critique. American Journal of Political Science. 22:233-249.

Sullivan, J.L., Piereson, J. & Marcus, G.E. (1979). An Alternative Conceptualization of Political Tolerance: A Multivariate Analysis. American Political Science Review. 73:781-794.

Triandis, H.C. (1977). Interpersonal behavior. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Verba, S., & Nie, N.H. (1972). Participation in America: Political Democracy and Social Equality. New York:
Harper & Row.

Verba, S. Schlozman, K. & Brady, H. (1995). Voice and Equality: Civic Volunteerism in American Politics.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Weisberg, H. & Rusk, J. (1970). Dimensions of candidate evaluation. American Political Science Review,
December, 1970. pp. 1163-1185.

Weisberg, H.F. & Kimball, D.C. (1995). Attitudinal correlates of the 1992 presidential vote: Party identification
and beyond. In Herbert F. Weisberg (Ed.) Democracy's Feast. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House.

Wildavsky, A. (1987) "Choosing preferences by constructing institutions: A cultural Theory of preference
formation." American Political Science Review,  81:(3):3-22.

Wright, G.C. (1978). "Issue structures in congressional elections: The impact of the Primary   Electorate." Paper
presented at the annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.

Wyckoff, M. (1980). Belief system constraint and policy voting: A test of the unidimensional  consistency model.
Political Behavior. 2:115-46.

Yankelovich, D. (1991). Coming to Public Judgment. Making Democracy Work in a Complex World. Syracuse:
Syracuse University Press.

Zaller, J. (1991a). The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. Cambridge U. Press: Cambridge.

Zaller, J. & Feldman, S. (1992). "A Simple Theory of the Survey Response: Answering Questions Versus Revealing Preferences." American Journal of Political Science 36:579-616.


BASIC ECONOMICS AND HISTORY

Bailey, T.A. & Kennedy, D.M. (1987). The American Pageant, Volume 1, 8th Edition. Lexington, Mass: D.C. Heath & Co.

Hansen, A.H. (1965). The Dollar and the International Monetary System. New York: McGraw-Hill

Hayek, F. A. (1960). Equality, Value, and Merit. in The Constitution of Liberty. Chicago: Chicago U. Press.

Hayek. F.A. (1994).The Road to Serfdom, 50th Anniversary Edition, with a new introduction by Milton Friedman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Marx, K. (1977). Capital, Vol. 1. Translated by Ben Fowkes. New York: Random House.

McConnell, C.R. (1987). Economics, 9th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

McConnell, C.R. & Brue, S.L. (2001). Economics, 15th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Okun, A. et. al. (1970). Inflation: The Problems it Creates and the Policies it Requires. New York: New York U. Press.

Rhoads, S.E. (1985). The Economist's View of the World. New York: Cambridge U. Press.

Smith, A. (1976). An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of The Wealth of Nations. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Sowell, T. (2000). Basic Economics: a citizen's guide to the economy. New York: Basic Books.

Thurow, L. (1980) The Zero Sum Society. New York: Basic Books.

Wallbank, T.W., Taylor, A.M. Bilkey, N.M. & Jewsbury, G.F. (1985). Civilization Past and Present, Fifth Edition, Vol 1.  Glennview: Scott, Foresman and Company.


APPENDIX C: POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY AND THEORY

Abercrombie, N., Hill, S.,Turner, B.S. (1980). The Dominant Ideology Thesis. London: Boston: G. Allen & Unwin.

Bell, D. (1965). The End of Ideology. London: Collier MacMillan.

Berns, L. (1987). Thomas Hobbes. In Strauss, L., & Cropsey, J. Eds.  History of Political Philosophy. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press

Bloom, A. (1987) Jean-Jacques Rousseau. In  Strauss, L., & Cropsey, J. Eds. History of Political
Philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Durant, W. (1939). The Life of Greece. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Fortin, E.L. (1987). St. Thomas Aquinas. In Strauss, L., & Cropsey, J. Eds. History of Political Philosophy.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Fukuyama, F. (1992). The End of History and the Last Man. New York: Free Press

Gibbon, E. (1952). The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Chicago: William Benton: Encyclopedia Brittanica.

Goldwin, R.A. (1987). John Locke. In Strauss, L., & Cropsey, J. Eds. History of Political Philosophy. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press

Grant, R.W. (1987). John Locke's Liberalism. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Gray, J. (1986). Liberalism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Gregor, A.J. (1969). The Ideology of Fascism. New York: Free Press.

Habermas, J. (1970). Technology and Science as Ideology. In Toward a Rational Society. (pp. 81-122). Boston: Beacon Press.

Habermas, J. (1979). Communication and the Evolution of Society. Boston: Beacon Press.

Habermas, J. (1989). The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. Cambridge,  Mass: MIT Press

Harbour, W.R. (1982). The Foundations of Conservative Thought: An Anglo-American Tradition in Perspective. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press.

Hassner, P. (1987). Immanuel Kant. In Strauss, L., & Cropsey, J. Eds. History of Political Philosophy. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press

Hegel, F. (1988). Introduction to the Philosophy of History. Rauch, L. (Ed.) Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.

Hegel. F. (1991). Elements of the Philosophy of Right. NY: Cambridge University Press.

Held, D. (1980). Introduction to Critical Theory: Horkheimer to Habermas. Berkely: U. of CA. Press

Hobbs, T. (1991.) Leviathan. NY: Cambridge University Press.

Jakubowski, F. (1976). Ideology and Superstructure in Historical Materialism. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Johnson, O. (1981). The Individual and the Universe: an introduction to philosophy. London: Dryden.

Kant,  I. (1952). The Critique of Pure Reason. In Great Books of the Western World. Vol 42, Chicago:
Encyclopedia Britannica

Kant, I. (1994). Ethical Philosophy. Translated by James W. Ellington. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.

Kennedy, E. (1978). Destutt De Tracy and the Origins of "Ideology": A Philosophe in the Age of Revolution. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.

Lenin, V.I. (1943). State and Revolution. New York: International Publishers.

Lipset, S.M. (1960). Political Man. New York: Doubleday.

Locke, J. (1960) Two Treatises of Government. NY: Cambridge University Press

Lord, C. (1987). Aristotle. In Strauss, L., & Cropsey, J. Eds. History of Political Philosophy. Chicago: University
of Chicago Press.

Machiavelli, N. (1985). The Prince. translated by Harvey C. Mannsfield. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Madison, James. (1987). Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787. New York: W.W. Norton.

Mannheim, K. (1936). Ideology and Utopia. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.

Marx, K. (1964). Early Writings edited by T.B. Bottomore. New York: McGraw Hill.

Marx, K. (1971). The Grundrisse edited by David McLellan. New York: Harper Torch Books.

Marx, K. (1977). Selected Writings edited by David McLellan. Oxford: Oxford U. Press.

Marx, K. (1977). Capital, Vol. 1. Translated by Ben Fowkes. New York: Random House.

Marx, K. and Engels, F. (1970). The German Ideology. edited by C.J. Arthur. New York: International Publishers.

Mason, A.J., Stephenson, D.J. (1987). American Constitutional Law. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

McLellan, D. (1986). Ideology. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press

Meyers, Marvin (1981). The Mind of the Founder: Sources of the Political Thought of James Madison. Hanover:
University  Press of New England.

Montesquieu, C. (1952). Spirit of the Laws. in Great Books of the Western World. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Nisbet, R.A. (1986). Conservatism: Dream and Reality. Minneapolis: U. of Minn. Press.

Oakshott, M. (1947). Rationalism in Politics. Cambridge, Mass: Cambridge U. Press.

Parekh, B. (1982). Marx's Theory of Ideology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U. Press.

Pennock, R. J.(1979). Democratic Political Theory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton U. Press.

Petterson, Merrill D. (1975). The Portable Thomas Jefferson. New York:Viking Penguin.

Pines, C.L. (1993). Ideology and False Consciousness: Marx and his Historical Progenitors. Albany. SUNY.

Plato. (1974). The Republic, translated by G.M.A. Grube. Indianapolis: Hackett.

Rossiter, C. Ed.(1961).The Federalist Papers. New York: Penguin

Rousseau, J.J. (1968). The Social Contract. Translated by Maurice Cranston. London: Penguin Classics.

Shils, E.A. (1954). Authoritarianism: Right and left. In R. Christie & M. Jahoda (Eds.), Studies in the Scope and Method of "The Authoritarian Personality" (pp. 24-49). Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

Shils, E.A. (1968). The Concept and Function of Ideology. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences.
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Sigmund, P.E. (1971). Natural Law in Political Thought. Cambridge, Mass: Winthrop.

Strauss, L. (1987). Niccolo Machiavelli. In Strauss, L., & Cropsey, J. Eds. History of Political Philosophy.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Strauss, L., & Cropsey, J. Eds. (1987). History of Political Philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Van Praag, J.P. (1982) Foundations of Humanism. New York: Prometheus

Walton, P. (1972). From Alienation to Surplus Value. London: Sheed and Ward.


APPENDIX D: COGNITIVE AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

Abelson, R.P. (1976) Script processing in attitude formation and decision making. In J.S. Carroll and J. W.
Payne. (Eds.) Cognition and Social Behavior. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Abelson, R.P. (1983). Whatever became of consistency theory. Personality and Social Psychology  Bulletin,
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Abelson, R.P., Kinder, D.R. Peters, M.D. and Fiske, S.T. (1982) Affective and semantic components in
political person perception. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.  42: 619-630.

Abelson, R.P. and Rosenberg, M.J. (1958). Symbolic psycho-logic: A model of attitudinal cognition.
Behavioral Science, 3:1-13.

Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behavior.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Albrecht, S.L., Chadwick, B.A., Jacobson, C.K. (1982). Social Psychology. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Anderson, J.R. (1980). Cognitive Psychology and its Implications. San Francisco: Freeman.

Aronson, E. (1969) The Theory of Cognitive Dissonance: A Current Perspective. In L. Berkowitz (ed.) Advances In Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 44 pp. 1-34). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Ball-Rokeach, S.J., Rokeach, M., & Grube, J.W. (1984). The Great American Values Test: Influencing Behavior and Belief Through Television. New York: Free Press.

Bargh, J.A. Chaiken, S., Govender, R., & Pratto, F. (1992). The generality of the automatic attitude activation
effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62: 893-912.

Barsalou, L.W. (1992). Cognitive Psychology: An Overview for Cognitive Scientists. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum

Barton, A.H. & Parsons, R.W. (1977). Measuring belief system structure. Public Opinion Quarterly,
41:159-180.

Bem. D.J. (1967). Self-perception: An alternative interpretation of cognitive dissonance phenomena.
Psychological Review, (Spring, 1967): 183-200.

Billig, M. (1982). Ideology and Social Psychology. New York: St Martin's Press

Bond, M.H. (1988).The Cross-Cultural Challenge to Social Psychology. Newbury Park: Sage

Breckler, S.J. (1984a). Empirical validation of affect, behavior, and cognition as distinct components of
attitude. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47:1191-1205.

Breckler, & A.G. Greenwald, Eds. (1989). Attitude Structure and Function. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Breckler, S.J. and Wiggins, E.C. (1989a) Affect versus evaluation in the structure of attitudes. Journal of
Experimental Social Psychology. 25:253-271.

Brehm, S.S., Kassin, S.M. (1990). Social Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin & Co.

Brown, L.D., and Tandon, R. (1983). Ideology and Political Economy In Inquiry. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 19:277-94.

Buunk, B.P. Collins, R.L. Taylor, S.E. Van Yperen, N. & Dakof, G.A. (1990). The affective consequences of social comparison: Either direction has its ups and downs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 59: 1238-1249.

Cacioppo, J.T. & Petty, R.E. (1980). Sex differences in influenceability: Towards specifying the underlying
processes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 6:651-656.

Cacioppo, J.T. & Petty, R.E. (1982). The need for cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
42:116-131.

Campbell, D.T. (1963). Social attitudes and other acquired behavioral dispositions. In S. Koch   (Ed.)
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Chaiken, S. (1980). Heuristic versus systematic information processing and the use of source versus
message cues in persuasion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.  39:752-766.

Chaiken, S. (1987). The heuristic model of persuasion. In M.P. Zanna, J.M. Olson, & C.P.  Herman (Eds.),
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Chaiken, S. & Baldwin, (1981). Affective-cognitive consistency and the effect of salient behavioral information
on the self-perception of attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 41:1-12.

Chaiken, S. &  Maheswaran, D. (1994). Heuristic Processing Can Bias Systematic Processing: Effects of Source Credibility, Argument Ambiguity, and Task Importance on Attitude Judgment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66:460-473.

Chaiken, S., & Stangor, C. (1987). Attitudes and Attitude Change. Annual Review of Psychology, 38, 575-630.

Chaiken, A. & Yates, S.M. (1985). Affective-cognitive consistency and thought-induced attitude polarization.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 49:1470-1481.

Cooper, J. and Fazio, R.H. (1984). A New Look at Dissonance Theory. In L. Berkowitz (Ed), Advances in
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Cooper, J. B., & Singer, D.N. (1956). The Role of Emotion in Prejudice. Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 241-247.

Doll, J. & Ajzen, I. (1992). Acessibility and Stability as Predictors in the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  63:754-765.

Downing, J.W., Judd, C.M., & Brauer, M. (1992). Effects of Repeated Expressions on Attitude Extremity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychlology, 63:17-29.

Eagly, A.H. & Chaiken, A. (1993). The Psychology of Attitudes. New York: Harcourt, Brace,   Jovanovich.

Elkin, R.A. & Leippe, M.R. (1986). Physiological Arousal, Dissonance, and Attitude Change: Evidence for a
dissonance-arousal link and a "Don't remind me" effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
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Elliot, A.J. and Devine, P.G. (1994). On the Motivational Nature of Cognitive Dissonance: Dissonance as
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Eysenck, H. J. (1978) The Psychological Basis of Ideology. Baltimore: University Park Press

Fazio, R.H. (1986). How do attitudes guide behavior? In R.M. Sorrentino & E.T. Higgins (Eds.) Handbook of
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Fazio, R.H. (1989). On the power and functionality of attitudes: The role of Attitude accessibility. In A.R.
Pratkanis, S.J.Breckler, and A.G. Greenwald (Eds.), Attitude Structure and Function (pp. 153-179). Hillsdale,
N.J. Erlbaum.

Fazio, R.H. (1990). Multiple Processes by Which Attitudes Guide Behavior: The MODE Model
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Fazio, R. H., Blascovitch, J. & Driscoll, D.M. (1992). On the Functional Value of Attitudes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 18: 388-401.

Fazio, R.H. and Zanna, M.P. (1978a). Attitudinal qualities relating to the strength of the attitude-behavior
relationship. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 14:398-408.

Fazio, R.H. and Zanna, M.P. (1981). Direct experience and attitude-behavior consistency. In L.   Berkowitz
(Ed.), Advances in experiemental social psychology (Vol 14, pp. 161-202). San  Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Festinger, L. (1957). A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. Evanston, Il: Row, Peterson.

Festinger, L., Riecken, H.W., & Schachter, S. (1956). When Prophecy Fails: A Social and  Psychological Study of a Modern Group that Predicted the Destruction of the World.   Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Fishbein, M. (1980). A theory of reasoned action: Some applications and implications. In H.E.   Howe, Jr. &
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Nebraska Press.

Fishbein, M. & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research.
Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Fiske, S.T. (1982). Schema-Triggerred Affect: Applications to Social Perception. In M.S. Clark & Susan T. Fisk (Eds.) Affect and Cogntion, (pp55-78). Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Fiske, S.T. (1986). Schema-Based Versus Piecemeal Politics, In R.D. Lau and D.O. Sears (Eds.), Political Cognitions, (pp 41-54). Hillsdale, N.J. Erlbaum.

Fiske, S. T. & Kinder, D.R. (1981). Involvement, expertise, and schema use: Evidence from political cognition.
In N. Cantor & J. F. Kihlstrom (Eds.), Personality, Cognition and Social Interaction, (pp. 171-90). Hillsdale,
N.J.: Erlbaum.

Fiske, S.T., Kinder, D.R. & Larter, W.M. (1983). The Novice and the Expert: Knowledge-based strategies in
political cognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 19:381-400.

Fiske, S.T. & Linville, W. (1980). What does the schema concept buy us? Personality and Social Psychology
Bulletin, 6:543-57.

Fiske, S.T. & Taylor, S.E. (1984). Social Cognition. New York: Random House.

Fleishman, J.A. (1986) Types of Political Attitude Structure: Results of a Cluster Analysis. Public Opinion Quarterly, 50, 371-386.

Fraser, C., Gaskell, G. (1990). The Social Psychological Study of Widespread Beliefs. New York: Clarendon Press.

Goethals, G.R. & Nelson, R.E. (1973). Similarity in the Influence Process: The Belief-Value Distinction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 25, 117-122.

Hamil, R. & Lodge, M. (1986). Cognitive consequences of political sophistication. In R.R. Lau   & D.O. Sears,
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Harkins, S.G. & Petty, R.E. (1987). Information Utility and the Multiple Source Effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 52:260-268.

Hastie, R. (1981). Schematic Principles in Human Memory. In T. Higgins, C.P. Herman, & M.P. Zanna, (Eds.) Social Cognition: The Ontario Symposium, vol 1, (pp39-88), Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Heider, F. (1958). The Psychology of Interpersonal Relations. New York: Wiley.

Hess, R.D. & Torney, J.V. (1967). The Development of Political Attitudes in Children. Chicago: Aldine.

Hovland, C.I., Janis, I. L, & Kelly, H.H. (1953). Communication and Persuasion: Psychological Studies of
Opinion Change. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Isenberg, D.J. (1986). Group Polarization: A Critical Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50:1141-1151.

Izard, C.E. (1977). Human Emotions. New York: Plenum Press.

Judd, C.M., Drake, R.A., Downing, J.W. & Krosnick, J.A. (1991). Some Dynamic Properties of Attitude Structures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 60: 193-202.

Judd, C.M., &  Johnson, J.T. (1981). Attitudes, Polarization, and Diagnosticity: Exploring the Effect of Affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41:26-36.

Judd, C.M. & Krosnick, J.A. (1989). The structural bases of consistency among political attitudes: Effects of
political expertise and attitude importance. In A.R. Pratkanis, S.J.

Judd, C.M., Krosnick, J.A. & Milburn, M.A.. (1981). Political Involvement and Attitude Structure in the General Public. American Sociological Review, 46, 660-669.

Judd, C.M. & Kulick, J.A. (1980). Schematic Efects of Social Attitudes on Information Processing and Recall. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 38:569-578.

Judd, C.M. & Lusk, C.M. (1984). Knowledge structures and evaluative judgments: Effects of structural
variables on judgmental extremity. Journal of Personality and Social    Psychology, 46:1193-1207.

Judd, C.M. & Milburn, M.A. (1980) The Structure of Attitude Systems in the General Public: Comparisons of a Structural Equation Model. American Sociological Review. 45:627-643.

Kagan, & R.B. Zajonc (Eds.) Emotions, cognition and behavior. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kaplan, K.J., & Fishbein, M. (1969). The Source of Beliefs, Their Saliency, and Prediction of Attitude. Journal of Social Psychology, 78, 63-74.

Katz, D. (1960). The Functional Approach to the Study of Attitudes. Public Opinion Quarterly, 24:163-204

Katz, I. & Hass, R.G. (1988). Racial ambivalence and American value conflict: Correlational and priming
studies of dual cognitive structures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.  55:893-905.

Kelman, H.C. (1953). Attitude change as a function of response restriction. Human Relations,   6:185-214.

Kelman, H.C. (1958). Compliance, identification, and internalization: Three processes of attitude change.
Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2:51-60.

Kerlinger, F.N. (1967). "Social attitudes and their criterial referents: A structural Theory." Psychological
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Kerlinger, F.N. (1984). Liberalism and Conservatism: The Nature and Structure of Social Attitudes. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Kinder, D.R. &  Sears, D.O. (1985). Public Opinion and Political Action. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), Handbook of Social Psychology (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 659-741). New York: Random House.

Kristiansen, C.M., &  Zanna, M.P. (1988). Justifying Attitudes by Appealing to Values: A Functional Perspective.  British Journal of Social Psychology, 27:247-256.

Lazarsfeld, P., Berelson, B., and Gaudet, H. (1948). The People's Choice. New York: Columbia  University
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Lazarus, R.S. (1982). Thoughts on the relations between emotion and cognition. American Psychologist, 37
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Lazarus, R.S. (1984). On the Primacy of Cognition. American Psychologist, 39:124-129.

Leone, C.T. (1976). Some effects of cognitive organization on attitude polarization. Thesis, University of Georgia.

Levine, R.A., Campbell, D.T. (1972). Ethnocentrism. New York: Wiley.

Liberman, A. & Chaiken, S. (1991). Value conflict and thought-induced attitude change. Journal of Experimental Social Pyshology, 27: 203-216.

Linville, P.W. (1982). Affective consequences of complexity regarding the self and others. In   M.S. Clark & S.T.
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Linville, P.W. and Jones, E.E. (1980). Polarized appraisals of outgroup members. Journal of Personality and
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Lord, C.G. (1989). The "Disappearance" of Dissonance in an Age of Relativism. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 15: 513-518.

Lord, C.G., Lepper, M.R., & Preston, E. (1984). Considering the Opposite: A Corrective Strategy for Social Judgment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.  47:1231-1243.

Lykken, D.T. (1982). Research with Twins: The Concept of Emergenesis. Psychophysiology. 19:361-373.

Mackie, D.M., & Worth, L.T. (1991). Feeling Good, But Not Thinking Straight: The Impact of Positive Mood on Persuasion. in J Forgas (Ed.), Emotion and Social Judgements (pp. 201-219). Oxford, England: Pergamon Press.

Markus, H. (1977). Self-schemata and processing information about the self. Journal of Personality and
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Markus, H. & Zajonc, R.B. (1985). The Cognitive Perspective in Social Psychology. in G. Linsey & E. Aronson (Eds.) Handbook of Social Psychlogy (3rd ed., vol. 1, pp. 137-230). New York: Random House.

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McGuire, W.J. (1985). Attitudes and Attitude Change in G. Linsey & E. Aronson (Eds.) Handbook of Social Psychlogy (3rd ed., vol. 2, pp. 233-346). New York: Random House.

McGuire, W.J. (1986) The Myth of Massive Media Impact: Savagings and Salvagings. In G. Comstock (Ed.), Public Communication And Behavior (Vol 1, pp. 173-257). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

McGuire, W.J. (1990). Dynamic Operations of Thought Systems. American Psychologist, 45:504-512.

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Millar, M.G., & Tesser, A. (1986b). Thought-induced attitude change: The effects of schema structure and
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Petty, R.E. & Cacioppo, J.T. (1979). Issue involvement can increase or decrease persuasion by enhancing
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Petty, R.E. & Cacioppo, J.T. (1981). Attitudes and persuasion: Classic and contemporary approaches.
Dubuque. IA: Brown.

Petty, R.E. & Cacioppo, J.T.(1984). The effects of involvement on responses to argument quantity and quality:
Central and peripheral routes to persuasion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46:69-81.

Petty, R.E.., & Cacioppo, J.T. (1986b). The Elaboration Liklihood Model of Persuasion. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental and Social Psychology 19:123-205. San Diego, CA:Academic Press.

Pratkanis, A.R. (1989). The cognitive representation of attitudes. In A.R. Pratkanis, S.J. Breckler,  & A.G.
Greenwald (Eds.) Attitude Structure and Function (pp. 71-98). Hillsdale, NJ:   Erlbaum.

Roberts, D.F., & Macoby, N. (1985). Effects of Mass Communication. In G. Lindsey & E. Aronson (eds.), Handbook of Social Psychology (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 539-598). New York: Random House.

Rokeach, M. (1956). Political and Religious Dogmatism: An Alternative to the Authoritarian Personality. Psychological Monographs, 70 (18, Whole No. 425).

Rokeach, M. (1960). The Open and Closed Mind: Investigations into the Nature of Belief Systems and Personality Systems. New York: Basic Books.

Rokeach, M. (1968). Beliefs, Attitudes and Values. A Theory of Organization and Change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Rokeach, M. (1973). The Nature of Human Values. New York: Free Press.

Rokeach, M. (1980). Some Unresolved Issues in Theories of Beliefs, Attitudes and Values. In H.E. Howe, Jr., & M.M. Page (Eds.) Nebraska Sympsium on Motivation, 1979. (Vol 27, pp. 261-304). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Roseman, I.J. (1984). Cognitive determinants of emotions: A structural theory. In P. Shaver (ed.)   Review of
Personality and Social Psychology, (Vol. 5, pp. 11-36). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Rosenberg, M.J. (1960). An analysis of affective-cognitive consistency. In C.I. Hovland & M.J. Rosenberg
(Eds.), Attitude organization and change: An analysis of consistency among attitude components (pp. 15-64).
New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Rumelhart, D., & Norman, D. (1983). Representation in memory. La Jolla, CA: University of California, San
Diego, Center for Human Information Processing.

Rumelhart, D. & Ortony, A. (1977). The representation of knowledge in memory. In R.C. Anderson, R.J.
Spiro, and W.E. Montegue (Eds.) Schooling and the Acquisition of Knowledge. Hillsdale, N.J. Erlbaum.

Schroder, H.M., Driver, M.J., & Streufert, S. (1967). Human Information Processing: Individuals and Groups
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Schute, R.A. & Fazio, R.H. (1995). Attitude Accessibility and Motivation as Determinants of Biased Processing: A Test of the MODE Model. Psychology and Social Psychology bulletin. 21:704-710.

Schwartz, S.H. (1990). Individualism-Collectivism: Critique and Proposed Refinements. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 21:139-157.

Scott, W.A. (1963). Conceptualizing and measuring structural properties of cognition. In O.J. Harvey (Ed.),
Motivation and Social Interaction: Cognitive Determinants. New York: Ronald.

Scott, W.A. (1969). The Structure of Natural Cognitions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 12:261-278.

Sears, D.O. (1983). The Persistence of Early Political Predispositions: The Roles of Attitude object and Life Stage. In L. Wheeler & P. Shaver (Eds.), Review of Personality and Social Psychology. 4:79-116. Beverly Hills: Sage.

Sears, D.O. (1986). College Sophomores in the Laboratory: Influences of a Narrow Database on Social Psychology's View of Human Nature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51: 515-530.

Shaffer, D.R. (1975). Another look at the phenomenological equivalence or pre- and post manipulation
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Shavitt, S. (1989). Operationalizing Functional Theories of Attitude. In A.R. Pratkanis, et. al. Attitude Structure and Function. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Sherif, C.W., Sherif, M. & Nebergall, R.E. (1965). Attitude and attitude change: The social
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Smith, A.J., & Clark, R.D., III. (1973). The Relationship Between Attitudes and Beliefs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 26: 321-326.

Smith, M.B. (1947). The personal setting of public opinions: A study of attitudes toward Russia. Public Opinion
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Smith, M.B., Bruner, J.S. and White, R.W. (1956). Opinions and Personality. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Sniderman, P.M.; Brody, R.A. & Tetlock, P.E. (1991). Reasoning and Choice: Explorations in Political
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Sniderman, P.M., & Tetlock, P.E. (1986c). "Public Opinion and Political Ideology,"  In M. Hermann (Ed.) Handbook of Political Psychology (vol. 2, pp 62-96) San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Sniderman, P.M.; Tetlock, P.E. and Carmines, E.G., Eds. (1993c) Prejudice, Politics, and the American Dilemma. Stanford, CA: Stanford U. Press.

Sniderman, P.M., Tetlock, P.E., Glaser, J.M., Green, D. P. & Hout, M. (1989). "Principled Tolerance and the American Mass Public." British Journal of Political Science 19:25-45.

Snyder, M. (1974). Self-Monitoring of Expressive Behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30:
526-537.

Snyder, M. & DeBono, K.G. (1985). Appeals to images and claims about quality: Understanding the
psychology of advertising. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49: 586-597.

Snyder, M. & Swann, W.B., Jr. (1976). When actions reflect attitudes: The politics of impression management.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34:1034-1042.

Taylor, S.E. (1981). The interface of cognitive and social psychology. In J. Harvey (Ed.) Cognition, Social
Behavior, and the Environment. (pp. 189-213). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Taylor, S.E. & Crocker, J. (1981). Schematic Bases of Social Information Processing. In E.T. Higgins, C.P.
Herman & M.P. Zanna (Eds.), Social Cognition: The Ontario Symposium (vol1, pp89-134). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Taylor, S.E. & Fiske, S.T. (1978). Salience, attention and attribution: Top of the head phenomena. in L. Berkowitz (Ed.) Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 11, pp249-288). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Tesser, A. (1978). Self-generated attitude change. in L. Berkowitz (Ed.) Advances in Experimental Social
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Tesser, A. & Conlee, M. (1975). Some Effects of Time and Thought on Attitude Polarization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31:262-270.

Tesser, A. & Leone, C. (1977). Cognitive schemas and thought as determinants of attitude change. Journal of
Experimental Social Psychology, 13:340-356.

Tesser, A. & Shaffer, D.R. (1990). Attitudes and Attitude Change. Annual Review of Psychology, 41:479-523.

Tetlock, P.E. (1981a). Personality and isolationism: Content analysis of senatorial speeches. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 41:737-743.

Tetlock, P.E. (1981b). Pre- to postelection shifts in presidential rhetoric: Impression management or cognitive
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Tetlock, P.E. (1983a).  Accountability and Complexity of Thought. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
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Tetlock, P.E. (1983b). Cognitive style and political ideology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45:
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Tetlock, P.E. (1984). Cognitive style and political belief systems in the British House of Commons. Journal of
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Tetlock, P.E. (1985). Integrative Complexity of Policy Reasoning. In S. Kraus and R.M. Perloff   (Eds.) Mass
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Tetlock, P.E. (1986). A Value Pluralism Model of Ideological Reasoning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50: 819-827.

Tetlock, P.E. (1989). Structure and Function in Political Belief Systems. In A.R. Pratkanis, S.J. Breckler, & A.G. Greenwald (Eds.) Attitude Structure and Function (pp. 129-151). Hilsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Tetlock, P. E. & Levi, A. (1982). Attribution bias: On the inconclusiveness of the cognition-motivation debate. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 18, 68-88. Reprinted in E. Aronson & A. Pratkanis (eds., 1991), International Library of Critical Readings in Psychology. London: Elgar Publishing Co.

Thomas, K. (1975). The Relationship Between Attitudes and Beliefs: Comments on Smith and Clark's Classification of Belief Type and Predictive Value. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 748-751.

Triandis, H.C. (1977). Interpersonal behavior. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Waller, N.G., Kojentin, B.A., Bouchard, T.J., Jr,, Lykken, D.T., & Tellegen, A. (1990). Genetic and Environmental Influences on Religious Interests, Attitudes and Values: A Study of Twins Reared Apart and Together. Psychological Science. 1: 138-142.

Wilson, T.D. & Dunn, D.S. (1986). Effects of introspection on attitude-behavior consistency: Analyzing reasons
versus focussing on feelings. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22:249-263.

Wu, C. & Shaffer, D.R. (1987). Susceptibility to Persuasive Appeals as a Function of Source Credibility and Prior Experience With the Attitude Object. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 52:677-688.

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Zajonc, R.B. (1980). Feeling and thinking: Preferences need no inferences. American Psychologist,
35:151-175.

Zajonc, R.B. (1984). On the Primacy of Affect. American Psychologist, 39:117-123.

Zajonc, R.B. & Markus, H. (1984). Affect and Cognition: The Hard Interface. In C.E. Izard, J. Kagan & R.B.
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Zanna, M.P. &  Rempel, J.K. (1988). Attitudes: A New Look at an Old Concept. In D. Bar-Tal & A. Kruglanski (Eds.), The Social Psychology of Knowledge. (pp. 315-334). New York: Cambridge U. Press


APPENDIX E: SOCIOBIOLOGY, BEHAVIORAL GENETICS, ETC.

Cunningham, M.R. (1986) Measuring the Physical in Physical Attractiveness: Quasi-Experiments on the
Sociobiology of Female Facial Beauty In Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 50:925-935

Dixon, L.K., Johnson, R.C. (1980). The Roots of Individuality: A Survey of Human Behavior Genetics. Monterey, Ca: Brooks/Cole.

Dobshansky, T. (1973). Genetic Diversity and Human Equality. New York: Basic Books.

Eysenck, H.J. (1967). The Biological Basis of Personality. Springfield, Ill: Thomas.

Eysenck, H.J. (1973). The Inequality of Man. London: Temple Smith

Eysenck, H.J. (1978). The Psychological Basis of Ideology. Baltimore: University Park Press.

Eysenck, H.J., Ed. (1982) A Model For Intelligence. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Eysenck, H.J. (1982). Personality, Genetics and Behavior. New York: Praeger.

Eysenck, H.J., Godjonson, G.H. (1989). The Causes and Cures of Criminality. New York: Plenum Press.

Fuller, J. L., Simmel, E.C. eds. (1983). Behavior Genetics: Principles and Applications. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.

Herrnstein, R.J. (1973). IQ in the Meritocracy. Boston: Little, Brown

Herrnstein, R.J. & Murray, C. (1994). The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life. New
York: The Free Press.

Gregory, M.S., Silvers, A. & Sutch, D. Eds. (1978). Sociobiology and Human Nature. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Lumsden, C.J., & Wilson, E.O. (1981). Genes, Mind and Culture: The Coevolutionary Process. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Lykken, D.T. (1982). Research with Twins: The Concept of Emergenesis. Psychophysiology, 19:361-373.

Osborn, F. (1968). The Future of Human Heredity. New York: Weybright & Talley.

Rosenberg, A.G. (1980). Sociobiology and the Preemption of Social Science. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U. Press.

Rosenberg, A.G. (1995). Philosophy of Social Science. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Rushton, J.P. (1980). Altruism, Socialization and Society. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall

Russell, R.J.H., Wells, P.A. & Rushton, J.P. (1985) Evidence for Genetic Similarity Detection in Human Marriage. in Ethology and Sociobiology 6:183-187.

Schaie, W.K., et al Eds. (1975). Developmental Behavioral Genetics: Nature-Nurture Redefined. Lexington, Mass: Lexington Books.

Wallace, R. (1979) The Genesis Factor. New York: Morrow

Waller, N.G., Kojentin, B.A., Bouchard, T.J., Jr., Lykken, D.T., & Tellegen, A. (1990). Genetic and Environmental Influences on Religious Interests, Attitudes and Values: A Study of Twins Reared Apart and Together. Psychological Science, 1, 138-142.

Wilson, E.O. (1975). Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Cambridge Mass: Harvard U. Press.

Wilson, E.O. (1978). On Human Nature. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard U. Press.


APPENDIX F: SOCIOLOGY

This appendix includes sociology subfields (some of which are not officially classified as subfields at the present time) such as social stratification, industrial sociology, sociology of religion, race relations, as well as deviance and crime causation. It also includes some older basic texts for comparison, and to show the field has developed over the past 40 years.

Abercrombie, N., Hill, S., Turner, B.S. (1980). The Dominant Ideology Thesis. London: Boston: G. Allen & Unwin.

Abrahamson, M. (1976). Stratification and Mobility. New York: MacMillan.

Barber, B. (1957) Social Stratification. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co.

Bendix, R.  (1956). Work and Authority in Industry. New York: Harper & Row

Bendix, R., Lipset, S.M. eds. (1966). Class, Status and Power. New York: Harper & Row.

Bendix, R. & Lipsett, S.M. (1959) Social Mobility in Industrial Society. Berkeley: U. of CA Press.

Bergel, E.E. (1962). Social Stratification. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Billig, M. (1982). Ideology and Social Psychology. New York: St Martin's Press.

Bleuel. H.P. (1973). Sex and Society in Nazi Germany. Lippincott: Philadelphia.

Centers, R. (1949). The Psychology of Social Classes. Princeton: Princeton U. Press.

Clinard, M. (1964). Anomie and Deviant Behavior. New York: The Free Press of Glencoe.

Dahrendorf, R. (1959). Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society. Stanford: Stanford U. Press.

DeGrazia, S. (1948). The Political Community, A Study of Anomie. Chicago: Chicago U. Press.

Denisoff, R.S.  & McCaghy, C.H. (1973) Deviance, Conflict and Criminality: Chicago: Rand McNally.

Denitz, S., Dynes, R. & Clarke, A. (1975). Deviance. New York. Oxford U. Press.

Eitzen, D.S. (1985). In Conflict and Order: Understanding Society. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Eysenck, H.J. (1973). The Inequality of Man. London: Temple Smith.

Eysenck, H.J. (1978). The Psychological Basis of Ideology. Baltimore: University Park Press.

Eysenck, H.J., & Godjonson, G.H. (1989). The Causes and Cures of Criminality. New York: Plenum Press.

Farrell, R.A., Swigert, V.A. (1988). Social Deviance. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.

Feldman, S. D. (1978). Deciphering Deviance. Boston: Little, Brown & Co.

Festinger, L. (1957). A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. Stanford: Stanford U. Press.

Gilbert, J.A., Kahl, J.A. (1987). The American Class Structure: A New Synthesis. Chicago: The Dorsey Press.

Heller, C.S. (1969). Structured Social Inequality. New York: MacMillan.

Herrnstein, R.J. & Murray, C. (1994). The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life. New
York: The Free Press.

Herrnstein, R.J. (1973). IQ in the Meritocracy. Boston: Little, Brown

Hill, S. (1981). Competition and Control at Work: the new industrial sociology. Cambridge: MIT Press

Hollander, P. (1973). Soviet and American Society. New York: Oxford U. Press.

Horton, P.B.  & Hunt, C.L. (1968). Sociology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Huber, J., & Form, W.H. (1973). Income and Ideology. New York: Free Press.

Kerbo, H. (1983). Social Stratification. New York: McGraw Hill.

Kohn, M. (1969). Class and Conformity. Homewood, Ill: The Dorsey Press.

Kohn, M. (1976). Occupational Structure and Alienation. American Journal of Sociology. 82:111-130.

Kriesberg, L. (1979). Social Inequality. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Lasswell, T.E. (1965). Class and Stratum. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.

Lasswell, M., Lasswell, T.E. (1982). Marriage and the Family.  Belmont Ca: Wadsworth Publishing Co.

Levine, R.A. & Campbell, D.T. (1972) Ethnocentrism. New York: Wiley

Lipset, S.M. (1968). Social Class. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 15:296-316.

Lipset, S.M., and Bendix, R. eds. (1964). Social Mobility in Industrial Society. Berkley: U. of Ca. Press.

Lipset, S.M. (1960). Political Man. New York: Doubleday.

Malefigt, A.D. (1968). Religion and Culture. New York: MacMillan.

Mannheim, K. (1936). Ideology and Utopia. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.

Martindale, D. (1981). The Nature and Types of Sociological Theory. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.

Merton, R.K. (1968). Social Theory and Social Structure. New York: The Free Press.

Merton, R.K. & Nisbet, R.A. Eds. (1966). Contemporary Social Problems. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.

Noss, J.B. (1969). Man's Religions. New York: MacMillan.

Odea, T.F. (1966). Sociology of Religion. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Parsons, T. (1951). The Social System. New York: Free Press.

Parsons, T. (1967). Sociological Theory and Modern Society. New York: Free Press.

Parsons, T. (1969). Politics and Social Structure. New York: Free Press.

Parsons, T. (1977) The Evolution of Societies. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Radzinowicz, L. (1966). Ideology and Crime. New York: Columbia U. Press.

Schaefer, R.T. (1988). Racial and Ethnic Groups. Glenview, Ill: Scott, Foresman & Co.

Tumin, M. (1985). Social Stratification. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Veblen, T. (1899). The Theory of The Leisure Class. New York: MacMillan.

Weber, M. (1958). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. translated by Talcott Parsons. New York: Charles Scribner & Sons.

Weber, M. (1963). The Sociology of Religion. Translated by Ephraim Fischoff, Introduction by Talcott Parsons. Boston: Beacon Press.

Weber, M. (1964). The Theory of Social and Economic Organization. New York: Oxford U. Press.